Ask The HvacMan
Air Grilles
Air Diffusers
Air Quailty
All Air Systems
All Water Systems
Building .Managament Systems ..BMS
Cooling Towers
Cooling Load Calculation
Energy Saving
Duct ,Smacna
Dampers ,Air
Dust Collection
Fire Dampers
Glass Selection
Heat Exchangers,water
Heat Recovery
Heat Tracing Systems
Hepa Filters
Hvac Applications
Humidifiers / Dehumidifiers
Insulation , Duct
Insulation , Pipe
Insulation , Sound
Nano Tech.,In Building
Occupancy Sensors
Pneumatic Conveying
Pool Ventilation
Process Piping
Radiant Heating
Refrigerant Systems
Solar Collectors
Steam Generation
Tables & Charts Gnr.
VAV Sytems
VRV Systems
Solar Collectors
Flat Plate Collectors
Evacuated Tube Collectors
Concentrating Collectors
Transpired Collectors
Solar Control Systems
Standalone Systems
Grid Connected Systems
Hybrid Systems
Back-up Systems
Solar Cells
Solar Arrays
Change Controller
Hybrid Systems
Grid Systems
Water Pumping
Using Wind Energy
Enviromental Aspects
Buyer's Guide
Save Energy
Solar Water Heating
Solar Electric Systems
Wind Turbines
Passive Solar Heating
Passive Solar Cooling
Building Material
Water Conservation
Ground Source Heat-Pumps
Green Hotels

Glass &Windows Selection

Safety Valves

The terms safety valve, relief valve, and safety relief valve are sometimes used interchangeably, and although the devices generally provide a similar function (safety), they have important differences in their modes of operation and application in HVAC systems

Safety valves open rapidly (pop-action). They are used for gases and vapors (e.g., compressed air and steam).

Relief valves open or close gradually in proportion to excessive pressure. They are used for liquids (e.g., unheated water).

Safety relief valves perform a dual function: they open rapidly (pop-action) for gases and vapors and gradually for liquids. Typical HVAC application is for heating water.

Temperature-actuated pressure relief valves (or temperature and pressure safety relief valves) are activated by excessive temperature or pressure. They are commonly used for potable hot water.

Application of these safety devices must comply with building codes and the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code. For the remainder of this discussion, the term “safety valve” is used generically to include any or all of the four types described.

Safety valve construction, capacities, limitations, operation, and repair are covered by the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code.
For pressures above 15 psig, refer to Section I. Section IV covers steam boilers for pressures less than 15 psig. Unfired pressure vessels (such as heat exchange process equipment or pressure-reducing valves) are covered by Section VIII.

The capacity of a safety valve is affected by the equipment on which it is installed and the applicable code. Valves are chosen based on accumulation, which is the pressure increase above the maximum allowable working pressure of the vessel during valve discharge. Section I valves are based on 3% accumulation. Accumulation may be as high as 33.3% for Section IV valves and 10%
for Section VIII. To properly size a safety valve, the required capacity and set pressure must be known. On a pressure-reducing valve station, the safety valve must have sufficient capacity to prevent an unsafe pressure rise if the reducing valve fails in the open position.

The safety valve set pressure should be high enough to allow the valve to remain closed during normal operation, yet allow it to open and reseat tightly when cycling. A minimum differential of 5 psi or 10% of inlet pressure (whichever is greater) is recommended.

When installing a safety valve, consider the following:

• Install the valve vertically with the drain holes open or piped to drain

. • The seat can be distorted if the valve is overtight or the weight of the discharge piping is carried by the valve body. A drip-pan elbow on the discharge of the safety valve will prevent the weight of the discharge piping from resting on the valve

• Use a moderate amount of pipe thread lubricant (first 2 to 3 threads) on male threads only.

• Install clean flange connections with new gaskets, properly aligned and parallel, and bolted with even torque to prevent distortion.

• Wire cable or chain pulls attached to the test levers should allow for a vertical pull and their weight should not be carried by the valve. Testing of safety valves varies between facilities depending on operating conditions. Under normal conditions, safety valves with a working pressure under 400 psig should be tested manually once per month and pressure-tested once each year. For higher pressures, the test frequency should be based on operating experience.

When steam safety valves require repair, adjustment, or set pressure change, the manufacturer or approved stations holding the ASME V, UV, and/or VR stamps must perform the work. Only the manufacturer is allowed to repair Section IV valves.



  Discuss on the Message Board
Legionnare Disease
Energy Saving
Control Software
Hotel Design Books

Hotel Design