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Fire Detection

Safe and fast fire detection is an essential component of a reliable fire protection concept. The earlier a fire is detected, the smaller are the dangers and damages caused by the fire. Here, customized planning is of special importance. The cooperation of fire protection control panel, detectors and alarms facilitates a fast reaction in case of fire - ideally, by automatic activation of an extinguishing system.

But Remember;
Smoke detectors save lives by providing a warning system but can do nothing to extinguish a growing fire or protect those physically unable to escape on their own, such as the elderly or small children. Too often, battery operated smoke detectors fail to function because the batteries are dead or have been removed.

A dramatic example illustrating that; in May of 1988, in the First Interstate Bank Building (FIBB) in downtown Los Angeles, California. A fire broke out on the 12th floor of this building around 10:00 in the evening. A security guard reacting to an automatic smoke alarm took an elevator to the fire floor to investigate. When the elevator opened, he was immediately
overcome with smoke, and died. Meanwhile, the fire broke through the windows on the 12th floor. People outside the building noticed the fire and called the fire department. By the time the fire department arrived (four minutes), the fire had already spread to the 13th floor. Heat from the fire was breaking glass out of the windows on upper floors. This glass, falling 150 feet, made it impossible for firemen to get anywhere close to the building. Entering the building next door, fire fighters walked through a tunnel into the basement of the FIBB. From the basement, fire fighters walked up 13 flights carrying all their fire fighting equipment. > For four hours, 300 fire fighters fought a holding action, finally bringing the fire under control. It took several more hours to actually extinguish the fire, which caused $50 million in damage. In its wake, four floors of the FIBB were completely destroyed. All lower floors suffered extreme water damage,while upper floors suffered severe smoke damage. Businesses lost valuable documents and files, as well as their workplace. Recovery took months and millions of dollars more. Reoccupation of the entirebuilding still wasn't possible more than one year later.

Because this fire happened at night, while the building was unoccupied, there was no large loss of life. However, this fire could have started during the day with thousands of people in the building. How many lives would have been lost then?

Optical smoke detectors
React on the scattered light caused by smoke aerosols and especially their response to visible smoke is very good. An ideal solution if cold smoke is expected in case of fire, e.g. in case of non-glowing smouldering fires.
Ionization smoke detectors
Detect smallest visible and invisible smoke particles. They are used if glowings or even open flames are expected at an early stage of the fire
Differential maximum heat detectors
Respond to a maximum temperature or a defined temperature rise within a certain period of time. The right choice if smoke detectors cannot be used due to the outside ambient conditions, e.g. in hotel kitchens and workshops
Quick response sprinklers
Yes.We are accepting sprinklers as also fire detector.There are a lot of cases, sprinklers reacts to fire before smoke detectors. Quick response sprinklers are now available that will attack a fire even earlier in its growth. Fast attack dramatically reduces the amount of smoke that a fire can produce
 
 
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