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General Fire Stats Related To Hotels  
Ignition Sources of Hotel Fires Between 1971 – 1974  
Incendiary or Suspicious 37.9%
Misuse of Heat of Ignition 36.0%
Mechanical or Electrical Failure or Malfunction 18.9%
Other 7.2%
Source: NFPA FR77–1  
   
Causes of Mechanical or Electrical Failures  
Parts Failures 1.2 %
Automatic Control Failures 0.6 %
Electrical Short Circuits 3.6 %
Lack of Maintenance 4.1 %
Not Further Classified 9.4 %
NFPA FR77–1  
   
 
Location of Origin of Fires  
Guest Rooms 37.6
Storage Areas 13.8
Lobbies, Hallways, Stairways 10.5
Structural Areas 6.1
Kitchens 4.1
Other Areas 27.9
   
 
Avenues of Fire Growth  
Nonstopped Areas 50
Unprotected Stairways 16
Doors (Open or Nonfire–rated) 12
Ducts or Other Vertical Openings 8
Furniture and Furnishings 8
Combustible Interior Finish 6
   
Extent of Smoke and Fire Damage in High-Rise Occupancies, Annual Average, 1994 to 1998
Occupancy Type
Fires
Civilian Deaths
Civilian Injuries
Direct Property Damage (in millions)
What Percentage of All Occupancy Type Fires were High-Rise?
Apartment
8,100
35
569
$22.7
9%
Hotels and Motels
800
0
18
$10.5
19%
Hospitals and Other Facilities That Care for the Sick
600
2
80
$4.4
29%
Office Buildings
500
0
13
$3.5
9%
Totals
10,000
37
680
$41.1
 
 
U.S. Fire Loss History .Sprinklered vs. Non-Sprinklered Buildings 1987 - 1996
Occupancy Type
Average Loss without Sprinklers
Average Loss with Sprinklers
% Reduction with Sprinklers
Public Assembly - Total
$20,600
$6,100
70

Eating & Drinking

$16,100
$5,400
66
Educational (Through 12th Grade
$14,300
$4,600
68
Health Care Facilities - Total
$4,300
$1,600
63

Hospitals

$4,900
$1,600
67

Nursing Homes

$3,700
$1,600
57
Residential Properties

Apartments

$8,100
$4,300
41

High-Rise Apartments

$3,100
$1,800
42

Hotels & Motels

$12,400
$5,800
54

High-Rise Hotels

$11,500
$4,400
62

Dormitories

$7,400
$4,800
35
Stores and Offices - Total
$23,300
$13,300
43

Department Stores

$37,500
$15,200
60

Office Buildings

$22,200
$11,300
49

High-Rise Office Buildings 

$28,400
$12,800
55
Manufacturing Facilities
$44,400
$17,700
60
 
Main Home Fire Causes
Candle fires 15% increase in candle fires from 2000 to 2001, triple the number in 1990
Christmas tree fires Christmas trees account for 400 fires annually, resulting in 10 deaths, 80 injuries and more than $15 million in property damage
Lightning  
Cooking fires Cooking is the leading cause of home fires in the U.S. It is also the leading cause of fire injuries
   
 
 
 
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